Can Trump End Birthright Citizenship

Grind for November 1st, 2018
“History is a set of lies agreed upon.” – Napoleon Bonaparte


The Headline

Mental health problems are on the rise among American students

The Grind

According to a study published this month in the Journal of American College Health, up to 26% of American adults will struggle with a mental health problem this year.

The study also found that most serious adult psychiatric conditions (like anxiety and depression) begin before age 25, and sometimes as early as 14.

In many cases, the problem starts during high school or college.

“Higher education institutions want students to be successful in college, but if mental health issues aren’t adequately addressed, it will make student success more difficult to achieve,” notes study author Sara Oswalt.

The Details

Oswalt and her team studied a massive dataset of student information alongside the trends in diagnosis and treatment for 12 mental conditions including ADHD, anorexia, anxiety, depression, insomnia, substance abuse, and panic attacks.

Results suggest a 4% increase in the number of students to utilize on-campus facilities for mental health problems between 2009 and 2015.

Conditions with the greatest increase in diagnosis were:

— Anxiety (5.6%)

— Depression (3.2%)

— Panic attacks (2.8%)

In addition, nearly 75% of respondents said they would take advantage of on-campus resources in the future (an increase of 6%).

“We don’t know that the college environment is causing or even contributing to the increase in these conditions,” admits Oswalt. “But campuses are going to have to address it.”

As noted in the report, factors affecting the increase in diagnosis may include: the increased availability of on-campus facilities and the reduced stigma surrounding mental health.

Either way, colleges must create a culture of health if they want students to succeed. Creating that culture is step one in reversing the trend, says Oswalt.

Step two is prevention, such as “sleep instruction, stress reduction, and exercise.” Step three is providing counselors and health centers so those struggling with problems can receive help.

“If institutions don’t have counseling services, then partnering or identifying community resources is critical to supporting their students,” she added.


The Headline

Trump says he will end birthright citizenship with an executive order

The Grind

According to the 14th Amendment, all children born in the US are citizens:

“All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside.”

Whether this rule applies in cases where both parents are illegal aliens is a question that has yet to be tried in the Supreme Court.

This week, Trump said he could end birthright citizenship with an executive order: “You can definitely do it with an act of Congress,” he said, “but now they’re saying I can do it just with an executive order.”

The Details

Like his harsh rhetoric about the caravan of migrants currently headed towards the US, Trump’s renewed call to end birthright citizenship is likely an attempt to excite his voter base ahead of next week’s elections.

But it is still an issue that needs to be addressed.

Birthright citizenship is a magnet for illegal immigrants. In 2014, roughly 7% of the 4 million babies born in the US were born to illegal immigrants. These children make their parents qualify for tax credits and can eventually sponsor foreign relatives for status themselves.

According to The Wall Street Journal, more than 50% of Republicans want to end birthright citizenship and most Democrats and Independents would like to see it continue.

Trump did not specify how quickly he plans to act on his proposal, but officials said there wouldn’t be any decisions until after the midterm elections.

It is unclear whether Trump actually has the ability to end birthright citizenship without Congress.

“[It is] outrageous that the president can think he can override constitutional guarantees by issuing an executive order,” says Omar Jadwat, director of the Immigrants’ Rights Project at the ACLU in New York. “This is a transparent and blatantly unconstitutional attempt to sow division and fan the flames of anti-immigrant hatred in the days ahead of the midterms.”

Others insists Trump could direct his agencies to provide citizenship only in cases where one or both parents are domiciled immigrants or US citizens.

In the meantime, the US military is sending 5,200 troops to the border to stop the caravan from entering.

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