Deepfake and IKEA

Grind for January 19th
“The art of being happy lies in the power of extracting happiness from common things.”
– Henry Ward Beecher

Good Move

The Headline

Facebook bans Deepfake videos

The Grind

Facebook this week announced a ban on most Deepfake videos as part of its effort to decrease the spread of misinformation ahead of the presidential election.

A Deepfake is “the next generation of video and audio manipulation, and sometimes images. They’re based on artificial intelligence,” explains Sam Gregory, a specialist who studies Deepfakes for the nonprofit group Witness.

The most common Deepfake is a “face swap,” where you take the face of one person and put it on someone else. Deepfake technology can also be used to manipulate the lips, mouth, and entire body.

The Details

Most of the Deepfakes out there are satire or sexual, but the technology is also being used to spread misinformation. As Deepfake technology improves, it becomes easier for the average person to utilize – and potentially weaponize – this technology to disrupt political messaging.

Facebook’s ban applies to any video that appears to be authentic showing a person saying something he or she did not actually say. The ban does not apply to videos that are obviously intended as satire.

“While these videos are still rare on the Internet, they present a significant challenge for our industry and society as their use increases,” writes Facebook executive Monika Bickert.

In its announcement, Facebook said it would work with governments, academia, and tech companies to improve its ability to identify manipulated data and to go after the individuals producing it.

Look Out Below

The Headline

California family wins $46 million after recalled IKEA dresser kills child

The Grind

Swedish furniture company IKEA settled with a California family for $46 million after a chest of drawers toppled over and killed 2-year-old Jozef in May 2017.

Parents Craig and Joleen Dudek said they never thought a 2-year-old could push over a dresser just 30 inches high. “It was only later that we learned that [it] was unstable by design.”

The 70-pound chest of drawers was recalled in 2016 in North America and China after killing three children. At the time, IKEA paid out $50 million in a combined settlement and agreed it would only sell drawers in the US that meet or exceed the national voluntary safety standard for such items.

The recall was issued again in 2017, with IKEA warning consumers the dresser posed a “serious tip-over and entrapment hazard” if not secured to a wall.

The Details

To help prevent more deaths, Mr. and Mrs. Dudek are planning to donate $1 million to groups working to protect children from other dangerous products.

“We are telling our story because we do not want this to happen to another family,” they said, urging anyone who owns the recalled item to return it or throw it out immediately.

The Dudeks’ story marks the largest child wrongful death settlement in the US history as well as IKEA’s largest recall.

“While no settlement can alter the tragic events that brought us here, for the sake of the family and all involved, we’re grateful that this litigation has reached a resolution,” said an IKEA spokesperson. “We remain committed to working…to address this very important home safety issue.”

Did you know… No patent can ever be taken out on a gambling machine in the United States.